What you need to know before starting up your own indoor garden

You keep trying to grow your own herbal garden in your kitchen or a pretty flower pot on the window sill, but the plants keep dying on you? You are not alone. Indoor gardening, just as outdoor gardening require some basic knowledge about plants as well as the essential factors for their proper growth, especially if you want to grow them indoors.

Here are the basics

Save yourself some of the hassles by understanding the principles of what’s going on above and below the dirt. While you could come back to this after killing many of your plants, why not start out with an indoor gardening guide to give you all you need?

The plant roots and the containers or pots you use

Roots are vital for the plants. Think of them as intravenous systems which bring all essential minerals and nutrients from the soil and transport them to the rest of the plant, and namely to the leaves which are in charge of the photosynthesis which they need to grow.

Choosing a pot or container which gives adequate space for the roots is crucial if you want your indoor plant to grow healthy, strong and to reach full maturity. Limiting the space for the roots limits the growth of the plant as well. If you choose pots which are too small you are in a way limiting the nutritional intake of the plant, just like we cut calories to lose weight.  As the plant grows, you may need to repot it in larger sized containers to promote its further growth.

On the other hand, choosing a pot which is way too big for the plant can also cause issues. It may cause the smaller roots to be unable to capture all the nutrients and minerals necessary for the growth of the plant. These minerals are passed on to the roots through the water. This can cause the roots to rot and the plant to stop growing.

The light

Plants use light to turn carbon dioxide, water, and nutrients into sugar which they use for energy. This is also known as photosynthesis. If you deprive your plants of sufficient amounts of sunlight or light from your LED grow lights, this will literally starve them, as they will be unable to make the food they need to grow and live. So, always pay attention to the instruction tags of the seeds or plants you want to grow at home, and ensure that you provide them with the amount of direct sunlight or alternative LED grow light for the recommended time period every day.

Some plants do not need direct sunlight and can live only at ambient light, so make sure you check that too before you choose which types of plants to grow and where you are going to set up your home indoor garden.


Water is another element which as with all living things is essential for the plants as well. It is used for the photosynthesis and is also the means for transporting the essential nutrients from the soil to the roots of the plants. It also provides the plants with the humidity which they need to be healthy.

Carbon Dioxide

Plants breathe in carbon dioxide and use it for photosynthesis. This is good news for all indoor gardeners as the oxygen released by the process is essential for us too, so your air will become healthier and fresher once you start up your own interior garden.


The soil you choose for your indoor plants needs to be suitable for home use. The mix should allow for the water to freely pass through to the draining holes, and yet be able to accumulate some of the moisture in order to help pass the nutrients to the roots of your plants. Choose an organic soil mix from a local company which has some compost, bark, coconut fiber added to it.


Your plants, just like we humans do need certain essential nutrients in order to live, grow and flourish. The nutrients help the photosynthesis process and also promote strong root growth. The different types of plants require different amounts of potassium, nitrogen, and phosphorus to live.

So, now that you know the basic needs of plants, hopefully, you are feeling much more confident to take the next step and start planning on creating your own home garden.

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